Seaplane base Pillau-Neutief

Fliegerhorst Neutief was begun in 1937 by the city of Pillau in East Prussia. The air base was built with two runways cast in concrete and hangars built in brick. The northern part of the airfield was designed for water aerodrome where the calm waters of the bay served as a runway. The cast runways was equipped with a heating system, so that it also could be used in the winter. Two years later the airfield was operational and quickly put into use. There operated flights from the base during the attack on Denmark and Norway in April 1940 and again in June 1941 during the attack on Russia.

Through the war the base remained Germans main base in the east and at the end of January 1945 it become an important piece in the Germans evacuation to the west. East Prussia was surrounded by the advancing Russians and refugees and the wounded soldiers had to be evacuated either by ships or aircraft.

From the end of March, the base was under constant fire from Russian artillery and bombers. The evacuation continued and it is estimated that at least 5,000 refugees and wounded soldiers were flown from Neutief.

The base remained active until April 25, 1945 where Pillau was captured by the Russians.

The German enclave East Prussia was after the war Russian territory and the air base was taken over by the Russian Air Force.

The air base remained active up until the early 1990s.