V1 launch site Vacquerie le Boucq
At this location 6 km. southeast of Hesdin in northern France, the Germans built in 1943, a base for the launch of their v1 rockets against England. The base was very simple and consisted of a ramp with a protection wall and various buildings for storage and preparation of the rockets.
There were around in northern France many bases such as this. The base got the rockets from the production plants and at the base they were prepared and fired.
The V1 rocket could not be controlled, thus the ramp had to be pointing directly at the target. The ramp in Vacquerie le Boucq was pointing towards London, 230 km. away.
The distance from the ramp to the target was of great importance, since the V1 first struck the ground when it ran out of fuel or a special device turned off for the addition. The system was simple, but not very accurately.
The simple and light construction and the small size of the base itself, was a deliberate choice by the Germans. The base was quick and not costly to build. The storage bunker had a curved shape at one end and without knowing their function it was observed and called ski resorts of the Allies. All these "ski" sites were heavily bombed and the Germans therefore instead used mobile launch vehicles. The launch site at Vacquerie le Boucq was never put into use, but was retained, only to attract the Allied bombers.
The threat of V1 rockets ended in late 1944 when the entire area was conquered by the Canadian and British troops.
Back in the fields of Vacquerie le Boucq, is the protective wall and part of some of the buildings.