Naval Gun Battery Karola and Kora

In 1942, the German Navy chose to cancel production of its large surface vessels.

The guns were part of the defense area (verteidungsbereich) La Rochelle and with a range of 37 km; the guns would help protect the important port of La Pallice, which contained a large u-boat bunker.

The gun positions were supported by a large command bunker (S497), with a range finder located on a concrete tower approximately 25 meters high. Together with bunkers for close defense, crew shelters, air defenses and ammunition.

Army battery Kora was also on the island of Ile De Ré and was equipped with four 220 mm. guns placed in open ring positions. The fire Control for battery Korah was from the command bunker for Battery Karola.

In 1944, La Rochelle was upgraded to fortress, a name that was used only when an area was so heavily fortified that it was considered impossible to conquer.

On 12 September 1944, the Allies had surrounded the entire fort and a long siege began. The base was defended by 20.000 German soldiers and the siege continued until the capitulation. During this time, all supplies to the base were provided by u-boats.

The third May 1945 the last u-boat (U-255) arrived with fuel and supplies to the besieged base. It left the base again two days later and 8 May the German garrison surrendered to the Allies.

In 2002, the remains of the gun batteries on the Ile de Ré were listed as a protected site.

  When I had been there, years ago, it was a little bit difficult and seemed also dangerous to reach, because all the premises were shown as Military Zone, do not enter. Zone militaire entree interdit sous peine d amende